Local Economies and Global Trade

Document 1: Colonial Censuses

Source: Censuses of Canada, 1665-1871, vol. IV (Ottawa: I.B. Taylor, 1876)


Below are three tables of the populations around Hants County, Nova Scotia; Montreal, Quebec; and London, Ontario. Look carefully at these figures. What do they tell us about colonial societies in the mid-nineteenth century? Visit the published version of these censuses, how might you critique the way that we compiled this data?

Hants County

Year Population Land Occupied Animals Industries
1827 8,627 37,531 32,751 N/A
1838 11,421 N/A N/A N/A
1851 14,330 65,454 36,852 91
1861 17,460 64,818 39,137 109

Montreal

Year Population Land Occupied Animals Industries
1827 268,581 1,661,692 922,870 889
1844 84,697 92,161 43,743 200
1851 77,381 123,839 40,466 91
1861 90,323 N/A 7,787 146

London (Middlesex, Oxford and Norfolk)

Year Population Land Occupied Animals Industries
1826 18,077 450,995 16,660 85
1836 47,305 973,920 36,602 186
1851 94,367 1,011,266 292,852 346
1861 135,107 1,198,552 374,536 365